Fighting cancer is a life-long game-changer impacting a person’s physical, emotional and mental well-being. It is a multi-faceted journey that stirs up a myriad of emotions, including depression for some people.
Feelings of sadness, grief, anger and denial are all common among patients and family members who are coping with cancer. But when these feelings last a long time or get in the way of daily activities, it may be time to seek medical attention.
Stages of depression
There are typically four stages of depression:
2) Mild depression
3) Clinical depression
4) Suicidal ideation
Sadness and mild depression are normal responses to a cancer diagnosis and therefore do not raise a red flag. However, clinical depression and suicidal ideation are signs that intervention is needed. According to the American Cancer Society, clinical depression occurs in about one in four people with cancer, and is a treatable condition. The sooner it is diagnosed, the sooner the coping process may begin.
“If you are feeling sad or upset, it’s important to reach out for help,” says Angela Buttimer, LPC, a facilitator at Cancer Wellness at Piedmont. “There are so many resources available today that patients don’t have to turn to medication as their only source of hope.”
Signs of clinical depression
Buttimer has worked with cancer patients for many years and she shares some of the warning signs that may indicate normal sadness and mild depression have turned into clinical depression:
Lack of concentration
Loss of appetite
Loss of interest in loved ones, friends and hobbies
More bad days than good days, for several consecutive weeks
Sadness you can't seem to shake
People who have had bouts of depression prior to cancer are more likely to have depression after their cancer diagnosis, so Buttimer keeps a careful watch on patients who fall into this category. She has also seen a tendency for patients who do not have a strong support system to fall prey to depression more easily.
Overcoming clinical depression
Cancer patients suffering from any stage of depression can be empowered by many different support programs, including:
“All of these options are great ways for cancer patients to regain a sense of well-being,” Buttimer says. “Mental and emotional health play an integral part in the healing process, so they cannot be overlooked.”
Signs of suicidal ideation
There are some patients who dive into a deeper state of depression where they are overcome with hopelessness. They lose all hope in the possibility of getting well. They may even have suicidal thoughts and at this point, therapy is the primary intervention.
“A patient suffering from suicidal thoughts is placed in therapy — usually family, individual and group therapy,” Buttimer says. “All three of these platforms provide a unique perspective on the cancer journey and will help with the healing process.”
A team approach
With years of experience, Buttimer has obtained a keen sense of where people fall on the scale of sadness and depression.
“It is important for cancer patients to have a good health care team that constantly collaborates and shares in the patient’s cancer journey. This team approach can help keep a finger on a patient’s emotional well-being and hopefully prevent the onset of clinical or suicidal depression.” Buttimer says.
If you think you may have symptoms of depression, talk to your doctor. He or she can help.
Learn more about support resources for the cancer journey.